AUSUBEL LEARNING

Rubens Anderson Alves Da Silva * Summary presented for partial note attainment in disciplines Psychology of the Learning. THEORY OF THE AUSUBEL LEARNING. The text deals with the Theory presented for Ausubel concerning the process of significant learning and its importance in the teach-learning process. In accordance with the theories developed for North American psychologist D.P. Ausubel, the stored previous knowledge during the life of an individual is a great influenciador in the construction of the process of learning of this, exactly individual, what Ausubel flame of Cognitiva Structure. The cognitiva learning functions as a link enters the information already known by the individual and to that them is new, resulting in a evolutiva interaction between old and new data.

This interaction generates an associative process of interrelacionadas information assigned of Significant Learning. For Ausubel, the significant learning facilitates the learning, therefore it allows that the pupil learns by means of the direction that the knowledge will go to make it, approaching it of the construction of this direction. In contrast of the mechanical or repetitive learning, therefore in this, the pupil becomes mere ' ' reprodutor' ' of a knowledge previously established, by means of absolute in power associations and descontextualizado that, for many times, he does not attribute meant some to it. So that a significant learning occurs, Ausubel considers a series of methods paved in theories of psicopedaggicas that can in accordance with facilitate to the organization of the teach-learning process the proposal of the Significant Learning, such as the categorizao of Subordinated Significant Learning, Superordenada and Combinatria if it adjusts the categorizao in Representacional, Conceitual and Proprosicional. Thus, we can conclude that the proposals of Ausebel not only value one definitive ' ' estrutura' ' as education method, but mainly, it values the pupil as individual as constituent element of the process of construction of the learning, not only a retransmissor being, subordinating to education method that ignores it its capacity to assimilate the information.

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Psychoanalysis

The clinical contemporary comes presenting increasingly a demand that if binds you distress it deep, gifts in all the human beings, and that if they express as relative complaints to the felt lack of of the life, to the feelings of futilidade of the existence, to the depressions, the panic, the violence and the drogadio. They are sufferings that basically compromise the quality of the life and feeling. The manifestation of the symptoms is a signal of that something does not come flowing well has some time; these symptoms would represent the limit in addition of the citizen. Thus, when the level of suportao of adversities are surpassed, the emotional alterations become gifts, before and during the course of the pathology, being able these emotional alterations to be of the most diverse matrices, either a feeling of unreliability, social retraction, difficulty to express its feelings, affective sensitivity very increased, incapacity to deal with losses and frustrations. A well structuralized person in its psychosomatic functioning, can support high levels of intense tension and events reacting with disturbances of lesser intensity and limited duration, with one better reversion prognostic.

One another person, of more fragile structure, can be disorganized and adoecer ahead of events or lives deeply pparently insignificant. With the advance of the pharmacology and the medical technology, each time more spreads out it ideology of that it has remedy for the malaise of the citizen. The promise of full well-being is what the medicalizao of the suffering propagates, and in the current days places in question the subjectivity and the history of life of the citizen. The psychoanalysis accumulated knowledge on the affective emotions human beings, relations, the desire, the ambition and on the pathological aspects of all these motivations that guide the impulses, the thought and the actions of the human being. It is this accumulated experience that the psychoanalysis looks for to share with the society to exactly help the man in the search of a bigger knowledge on itself, to discover its capacities, to accept its limitations, to deal with them and to be able to develop consequent actions that revert in the improvement of its quality of life.

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