Psychic Pain

Face psychic pain, to the internal divisions, the traumatismosuniversais and staffs who the life inevitably provokes, the man is capable to decriar a neurosis, a psychosis, a caracterial shield, a sexual perversion, dreams, psychosomatic works of art and illnesses. Joyce MacDougall (1983) Summary Through the concepts of somatizao and doenapsicossomtica, the author tries to show as the Sandplay or Jogo de Areia, to podeser an instrument of work of great value, being made possible a canal decomunicao and of expression of sensations of this period that is daily pay-verbal, daily pay-symbolic, where the body is used as language. The symbolized symptom nocorpo passes to be symbolized in the box finding a space more healthful deexpresso. * Clinical psychologist. Director of Spreading and Advertising of the ABMP, pupil doCurso of Perfectioning in Medical Psychology – UFMG Introduction According to Yoshiaki Ohki, in the illness> I feel pain, but yes I am pain. Here the distinction between the symbol and the symbolized one does not exist. This wants dizerque all verbal psychic area is not limited to the verbal zone, because all physical assensaes are felt as verbal.

Until the baby to perceive I and not-I, its mind alone> to consegueprover the necessities of the organism and these necessities they are the experinciasmentais of that he was physically lost. For example, if it lost the seio, that is sensible as having lost part of its body, therefore has apercepo of I and not-I here, not yet and from there, all separation to be felt as a pain deamputao. J. Mc Dougall (1987) described that the somatic expression uma attempt of if protecting against the primitive sensations of danger and ameaade death, as well as, communicating this anguish that cannot be symbolized nempensada. This explosion in the body has an act function, of discharge, porcarncia in the psychic elaboration and fails in the simbolizao, which socompensadas for the act-symptom to reduce psychic pain.

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Social Presence

From these notes, it is possible to conclude especially that to be accepted socially something is desirable, if the acceptance will be tied with community of interest and cooperation. Lacerda (1998) makes a note in relation to the permanent presence in a group, standing out that the friendships for safer than are can arrive at the decline for the lack of maturity of its components. In general, the ones that more they need friendships, are the ones that have little conditions to conserve the friendship, for the fact of it uncontrol emotional conflicts among others. According to Lacerda (1998), the group has function to define papers and to help in the social identity of the integrant ones. Many adolescents not to participate of no group, mean the same that to be outside of the universe. The adolescents wait when they are in groups, that its participation welfare promotes to it, experience, emotions, satisfactions and fellowship.

The components of the group in general, follow its leaders. When they are in groups, the individuals start to have the same attitudes, the same vision on the things, this can be positive, when through the convivncia with the other integrant ones, if a healthful relationship awakes, and having emotional support through the experiences lived for excessively. On the other hand, positive aspects are not only ranks. The adolescent for times would not have capacity to make something was alone, but when in group it would be capable to make to only be accepted for the same, and this capacity to make something that would not make, can well not be seen. Lacerda (1998, P. 50) exemplifica this, displaying behaviors related with: ' ' … accesses of hatred, gestures of brutality, attitudes of cruel disrespect stops with the people, absence of responsibility for proper atos' '. Lacerda (1998) still displays that the group exerts much influence on the adolescent for the fact of the members the same to have gostos in common.

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Psychological HelpLine

Increasingly, I read on the internet about the possibility to get psychological help-line. And I resent the amount of the alleged "psychologists" who are engaged in such services, advertising them as effective. Actually, I think that Currently in our country simply catastrophic situation in practical psychology. Lack of licensing of this sort of activity leads to the fact that the clinical psychologist can call itself is not enough that people without special education, but also the far mentally disadvantaged. Because of this psychology, it becomes a practical understanding of major science, is really capable of helping people, in a perverse quack chatter, and the profession of psychology becomes like a grandmother's fortune-telling activities.

It is impossible to cure a person from a photograph just can not help on the internet. The letters show a man can only a product of his mind. The fact that he can independently interpret and explain himself. A real psychologist has to deal with quite a different psychic structure – part of the unconscious mind, manifestations of which are well read in feelings, behavior and nonverbal reactions. So many problems are diagnosed at a time when the psychologist observes the contradiction between the information that a person speaks, and his behavior. For example, recently me came a woman whose child gave symptoms of mood disorders and depression.

Family recently went through a divorce. However, at a reception client said that she and her husband were divorced by mutual consent, retain good and friendly relations, but the son often and enjoyed talking with her father. And if I had not seen this woman, but just read the letter that she neglected to tell me I'd never realized that she is in a state strongly suppressed aggression, and feels her son, in response to this – the state of depression and guilt. So that on-line conversation, just a correspondence between two people, one of which is hidden from this assistance, hard not wanting a real decision, and the second – a megalomaniac or a charlatan, or an amateur. The only thing you can do on the internet, is to define the nature of the problem and recommend appropriate the direction of psychology, the most effective coping with such problems. And yet, on purely human support. Let's not true to the psychology of how to magic, but as a serious science, with its own capabilities and its limitations. And do not believe any nonsense.

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Martin Heidegger

But the act to know functions for ' ' integration significativa' '. It in them considers a species of synthesis with the object, forming a new object, ' ' object total' '. For being part also of this total object, synthesis between observer and object, we can have a true vision of the reality, integrally. For Husserl the reality cannot exactly be reduced to the naturalistic vision of that everything that we catch is resulted of our directions, that carrying through an integration. We start to catch then objects not as they reveal in the world, but as they reflect in our conscience, that must be open, free of perspectives and limitations. Making this we chagamos more close possible to what the object really is. The object of the condition for existence of the conscience and vice versa.

This is the beginning of the scienter. It stops to have this integration between object and conscience is necessary to eliminate the original experience of the individual, is necessary to remove everything that is of this psychological state. This is the condition of the fenomenolgica reduction. They are carried through some type of fenomenolgica reduction in an object analysis. The imminence of the possibility to reach this state of conscience is called ' ' conscience transcendental' '. A fenomenolgica attitude is born of this that discards the petrified belief of the objective reality for the scientific method. Husserl for this method aims at to reach the essence of the things, as them is.

Thought (noese) and object (name) start to be the same thing. The knowledge that appears of such experience is auto-vidente and it does not require justification, he is daily pay-theoretician and, for it, must base all scientific knowledge. Already Martin Heidegger was a German disciple of Hussel and created the call: ' ' existencialismo alemo' '. He was the first one to apply fenomenolgico method.

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Psychoanalysis

The clinical contemporary comes presenting increasingly a demand that if binds you distress it deep, gifts in all the human beings, and that if they express as relative complaints to the felt lack of of the life, to the feelings of futilidade of the existence, to the depressions, the panic, the violence and the drogadio. They are sufferings that basically compromise the quality of the life and feeling. The manifestation of the symptoms is a signal of that something does not come flowing well has some time; these symptoms would represent the limit in addition of the citizen. Thus, when the level of suportao of adversities are surpassed, the emotional alterations become gifts, before and during the course of the pathology, being able these emotional alterations to be of the most diverse matrices, either a feeling of unreliability, social retraction, difficulty to express its feelings, affective sensitivity very increased, incapacity to deal with losses and frustrations. A well structuralized person in its psychosomatic functioning, can support high levels of intense tension and events reacting with disturbances of lesser intensity and limited duration, with one better reversion prognostic.

One another person, of more fragile structure, can be disorganized and adoecer ahead of events or lives deeply pparently insignificant. With the advance of the pharmacology and the medical technology, each time more spreads out it ideology of that it has remedy for the malaise of the citizen. The promise of full well-being is what the medicalizao of the suffering propagates, and in the current days places in question the subjectivity and the history of life of the citizen. The psychoanalysis accumulated knowledge on the affective emotions human beings, relations, the desire, the ambition and on the pathological aspects of all these motivations that guide the impulses, the thought and the actions of the human being. It is this accumulated experience that the psychoanalysis looks for to share with the society to exactly help the man in the search of a bigger knowledge on itself, to discover its capacities, to accept its limitations, to deal with them and to be able to develop consequent actions that revert in the improvement of its quality of life.

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Cognitive Development

Initially the psychology of the development studies aspects of cognitivo, affective, social and motor the development human, if asking on the interference of the time of life of the process of the child, such processes is of knowledge, socialization, and of progress. As well as, throughout the time the child will have to acquire more abilities and more capacities and capacities more throughout the development process the child will not only go to changed themselves. In accordance with some processes of the development such as; cognitivo development (knowledge, affective reason and), affective development, social development, motor development. A time that if becomes an allied of the education, since the same one questions the interaction with the way as one them main factors for the development. Thus the psychology of the development searchs a knowledge area where if it worries about the transformations of the human being throughout its life thus being able to bring many benefits in the scope of the education, therefore the same search to answer questions on as the human development functions, that is, all the stages of its development throughout the life. For PIAGET (1924) the construction of the mental development if of the one through the way, and all the knowledge if initiates with a previous point, that is, the child must interact with the way and to construct a knowledge leading in consideration of the previous knowledge. Being thus PIAGET she says that the mediation is the action of the child who initially is a physical action or motor and later she is mental, then, to each new action the child goes to construct a balance and later desconstruir to construct one another one again, that is, to each action a new process of knowledge construction leaving of the previous knowledge and the construction of new hypotheses is initiated. Thus to each new behavior she goes to recover a balance and to construct a still more steady balance of what the previous one, since the balance implies in room.

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Psychology Behavior

The task of psychology, as social conscience, must be of in offering possible most complete the clearer explanation to them and on the nature of the human beings as people. The study of the person, who is, in principle, the objective of psychology, can only be carried through in a serious way and accomplishes when considered the position of this person in the general configuration of the things. The Psychology in a general way if has worried about: development, including the maturation and the hereditary succession; the agencies of the direction; the nervous system, muscles and endcrinas glands; the learning; the perception; the motivation and the emotion. With the purpose to try to understand: the language, the thought and the resolution of problems; intelligence, also its measure; the personality; the pathological behavior and the behavior of people in group. Objective psychology to use this knowledge stops helping in them in the understanding of we ourselves, the understanding of people with behavior riots, as well as improvements the techniques of learning and the efficiency in the work. It is without a doubt, our main hope of clarificar aspirations of the man and to discover the ways to carry through them.

Psychology is not a unitria thing, is not a normative science, nor accumulating, but, before, a classification of facts, presuppositions and theories. To understand the diversity of Psychology it is necessary to recoup its history, therefore the past and the future always are in the gift, of this form the history of its construction are on at each historical moment. The Greeks had been the evolved people more of its time, with a planned production and well-occurred he allowed the construction of the first city-states, with this they had initiated the conquests of new territories that had generated wealth and growth. These advances had allowed that the man if occupied of the things of the spirit, Plato and Aristotle had dedicated to understand it the man in its interioridade.

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