Walter Kramer

Quelle/(C) by de.wikipedia.org/wiki/…, author now some terms and calculations of the statistics: There are quantitative Hardfacts and quality soft facts features/variable. Quantitative characteristics and (measuring) values (metric, numbers) allow to add, multiply, and subtract. Qualitative characteristics allow a meaningful series of their expression: ordinal (order) or nominal (un-sinnige sorting). Growth rates or growth: An increase of 50 to 60 is 10 percentage points but 20%. An increase of 10 to 15 is 5 percentage points, but 50% at a base < 100 growth points < as the growth in % at a base > 100 is the growth in points > as the growth in % growth such as 0.6% percentage points (from 13% to 13.6%) corresponds to a growth rate of 0.6/13 = 0,046 = 4.6%. The difference will be less and less with smaller base. Increases, so does the price index for the maintenance of life from 110 to 120: 10% points 10/110 = 0.091 = 9.1%. The difference is increasing with increasing basis. Quelle/(C) by Prof. Walter Kramer: understand statistics ISBN 3-593-36149-3 statistics sample: the Gross domestic product GDP and economic growth (excerpt). The annual growth rate of GDP represents the Wirtschaftswachtum. To achieve economic growth, the GDP needs to be increased so. Because economic growth as something fundamentally important in our capitalist social order is considered, a similarly important role to calculate GDP. It involves economic quantity (growth, effectiveness: what?) and quality (development, efficiency: how?), so far as it affected the prices! The gross domestic product (GDP) represents all during the year in a country produced goods and services: valued at market prices (purchase and sales prices). A bought and sold (used) Chair has its corresponding GDP-money value. Home and work at home: Free performance a housewife/Hausmann and mother/father has no GDP monetary value, it is GDP worth going on! A bloated offices-‘Habitat’ (service contracts), despite huge and often useless salaries and pension effects, a huge GDP money equivalent! Informal economy: Two men who cut their hair each other free, do not affect the GDP! Also one from the insurance company paid, abortion increases our gross national product also helps the paid clearing of rain forests country BPI increase.



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