Eastern Mediterranean

In January 1128 in Troyes, was convened by the council, which approved the Order of the Knights Templar, declaring it the religious-military purposes. The main promise – a vow of poverty. The symbol of the Order became a white robe, worn over the rest of the clothes the same color. Templars and the pope was considered, and the kings of Jerusalem as a strike force designed not only to protect pilgrims in the Holy Land but also to extend the state of the crusaders in Palestine and Syria, but they do not in any way contributed to the extension properties in the Holy Land did not have a substantial assistance Frankish lords to retain the Eastern Mediterranean. Since the founding of the Knights Templar more care about strengthening its influence in Europe than in the Middle East. When at the end of 1128 Hugo de Peyns arrived in England, he was received by King Henry I with great honor. Many of the young aristocrats of the West countries willingly joined the order, from all over the Christian world in the treasury Templars were generous donations to the Order passed on land, castles and manors.

By 1130 the Order already had extensive land holdings in France, England, Scotland, Flanders, Spain and Portugal. And ten years later he became a large landowner and in other countries: Italy, Austria, Germany, Hungary and the Holy Land. Contrary to his chief vows (vow poverty) and the Templars amassed wealth, did not disdain to attack the Arab caravans and rob merchants. For the enrichment could go to the betrayal of Christ's interests. At the siege of Damascus in 1142, the besieged had bribed Templars are to support them, which caused the failure of the siege. In the hands of the Knights of the Temple were concentrated vast wealth. They became bankers almost all the royal houses of Europe and several Muslim rulers.

That the Templars came up bills and checks. King Richard the Lionheart of England sold the island of Cyprus for hramovikam 100 000 Besant. It should be noted that the Order promoted the development of science. He singled out the funds to surveying, road building, seafaring. The Templars were dozens of ships, which transported Pilgrims to the Holy Land and back for a decent bribe. Along with the military service, many Templars were and possess the relevant knowledge in the field of medicine as care for the sick and wounded, was one of the components hramovnicheskoy activity. Knights of manufactured medicines from herbs and used other traditional folk remedies. After the death of Baldwin fourth in 1185, fighting broke out again with the Saracens. In 1187 the Christian forces were defeated by Salah al-Din, Jerusalem was again in the hands of the Saracens. A Four years later, the Egyptian sultan took the last 'free' city of Palestine, Saint-Jean-d'Akr, or Acre. After that, the Knights of the Temple settled in Cyprus, and then finally moved to Europe

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A Better World

We think about a better world, with cultural diversity and igualitrias racial relations. Jessica Pels: the source for more info. Only with studies anti-racists of the cultural contributions of the peoples who form our society, we will be able to modify these relations. According to anthropologist Kabengele Munanga, a reasonable justification for the invisibilidade of the racial preconception in the schools, would be the almost unconscious internalization of discrimination from an ideology developed for the dominant segments in the social processes. Costuma to search the explanation of this lack of conscience of the racial discrimination in the instruction lack, that is, in bode expiatrio cultural. This justification does not convince because the human beings do not need instruction to feel pain, the disdain, the injustice and exclusion. Without a doubt, a certain cultural level is indispensable to open horizontes e, if necessary to articulate the internal speech around the question; but the conscience lack cannot be attributed, absolutely, to the instruction lack.

The trend, in general, exactly in the clarified Brazilian is to deny the discrimination. (1996, 214). In elapsing of the project, it was observed invisibilidade of the racial relations, this can be perceived with bigger clarity in the absence of serious and critical debate on the subject. An example is the quotas for racial criteria. The subject, at least, displayed two wounds, one of it supposedly healed and to another one, bleeding visibly. When being inquired on the quotas, the pupils, had observed that the same one opens the problematic one of the Brazilian school, exculpatory, without politics you publish of long stated period and with bad indices of evaluation. Exactly ahead of these events, the analyses unhappyly do not focus the difficulties of the educational process of base, only superior education. The quarrel on the quotas, for more than permeou two lessons, a subject that we knew that the attention would call as much the pupils.

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